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Everything posted by Bezzi

  1. SALVADOR When the Portuguese crown first decided to carry out the endeavour of colonising Brazil, the first urban area to be settled in was Salvador, which was established on 29 March 1549. This is one of the reasons why the coastal city in the country's north-east was one of the main poles of slave trade in South America. As a consequence, Salvador grew under deep influence of Portuguese, Afro-descendents and indigenous alike: a situation that contributed to the cultural richness that typifies the city today. The presence of African elements is all around in Salvador, from the circles of
  2. RIO DE JANEIRO On 1 January 1502, the Portuguese explorer Gaspar de Lemos brought his ship into a bay on the Brazilian coast, which is now called Guanabara Bay. Mistakenly confusing the bay with the mouth of a river, he named it Rio de Janeiro - literally translated as the January River. The city of Rio de Janeiro itself was founded on 1 March 1565 by Estacio de Sa, and was the seat of Brazilian politics from 1764 until 1960, when it was replaced by Brasilia. Nonetheless, Rio remains Brazil's most popular tourist destination and cultural hotspot, besides being the country's second most pop
  3. RIO BRANCO It was not until 1920 that the state of Acre was officially unified and Rio Branco was declared its capital. Formerly a Bolivian territory in the Amazon Rainforest, by the end of the 19th century the region drew interest from Brazilian seringalista (rubber producer) Neutel Maia, who established a village on the right bank of the Acre River. While Brazil and Bolivia politically contended for the territory, the village went by a number of different names. The political affairs were finally solved in 1904, when Acre was affirmed as part of the Northern region of Brazil, thanks in g
  4. RECIFE Recife is the capital of the state of Pernambuco, in the north-east of Brazil, and the centre of the country's fourth-largest metropolitan area - a conurbation of another 13 cities, including Olinda, with a population of 3.7 million. Because of its economical importance for the region, the city is often called ‘the capital of the North-east'. The histories of Recife and Olinda run parallel to each other. For several years, Recife (Portuguese for ‘reef') existed essentially as the port that connected the village of Olinda to the Atlantic. The build-up of Recife was profoundly boosted
  5. PORTO ALEGRE From the subtropical climate to the cultural habits, Porto Alegre is fairly different from the other state capitals in Brazil. Founded in 1742 by immigrants from the Portuguese archipelago of Azores, the capital of Rio Grande do Sul was the destination of thousands of immigrants from Portugal and Italy - like many other cities in Brazil but also from other European countries, particularly Germany and Poland. Besides that, as the state is located far down the south of Brazil, the gaúchos, as people from Rio Grande do Sul are called, share several cultural traits with their neig
  6. NATAL On 25 December 1597, back when Brazil was a colony of the Portuguese crown, a group of Portuguese officials reached the Potengi River with the duty of reclaiming the captaincy of Rio Grande do Norte, which was then dominated by French buccaneers. Twelve days later, on 6 January, Three Kings' Day for the Catholic Churc, the group started the construction of the fortress that would remain the most prominent landmark in the state of Rio Grande do Norte until today: the Three Kings' Fort. Following Portugal's recovery of the territory, expedition leader Jerônimo de Albuquerque redefined
  7. MANAUS The very location of the city of Manaus is one of its most remarkable attractions: the confluence of the rivers Negro (Black) and Solimões (how the Amazon River is known in this part of Brazil). The dark-coloured waters of the former and the muddy waters of the latter flow side by side for over 18 kilometres without mixing, forming one of the Amazon's most majestic sights. Since it was first inhabited in 1669, Manaus steadily evolved into the capital of the state of Amazonas and finally into the metropolis of the Amazon. Manaus is now the 12th most populous city in Brazil, with just
  8. GOIÂNIA Unlike most metropolitan areas in Brazil, Goiânia was established quite recently, when its then-governor decided to move the capital of the state of Goiás away from its homonymous city. A vast area on Brazil's Planalto Central (Central Plateau) was chosen to house the newborn city, whose foundation stone was laid in 1933. The name of the new capital was chosen through a poll organized by the O Social newspaper, and the inaugural ceremony finally took place in 1942. Goiânia is located right in the heart of the Brazilian highlands, only 209 kilometres away from the country's capital,
  9. FORTALEZA Although it was officially founded as a village in 1726, and would only become the capital of Ceará in 1799, Fortaleza (Portuguese for 'fortress') owes its name to the period between 1637 to 1654, when it was controlled by the Dutch, who built the Schoonenborch Fort. Featuring 34 kilometres of wonderful beaches, Fortaleza has been one of the main tourist destinations in the north-east of Brazil for several years. It has also developed into an important economic centre and a densely populated metropolitan area: over 2.4 million people reside within its 313 square kilometres (120,8
  10. FLORIANÓPOLiS Part of Florianópolis is carved in the Southern coast of Brazil, while most of its 433-square kilometre area is a majestic island right next to the coast. The city's most celebrated postcard is the first bridge to connect the island to the continent; Hercílio Luz Bridge, inaugurated in 1926. But nothing is as appealing in the state's capital, Santa Catarina, as its fabulous beaches. There are over 100 different ones, each featuring a different atmosphere: from the trendy, high-profile clubbing at Jurerê beach to almost untouched marvels such as Lagoinha do Leste, to surfers'
  11. CURITIBA The city of Curitiba is one of the finest examples of a bulky economic and industrial development carried out with responsibility and organisation. Since it was declared the capital of the state of Paraná in 1853, the city has gone through several major urban planning projects to avoid uncontrolled growth and thus has become an international role model in dealing with such sensitive issues as transportation and the environment. Curitiba is now the most populous city in the southern region of Brazil, with 1.8 million inhabitants, and stands right at the centre of a metropolitan are
  12. CUIABÁ The capital of the state of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá is located in the exact geographic centre of South America, an equidistant 2,000 km from the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Established in 1719 during the Brazilian Gold Rush, its centre still houses several historical buildings that have been declared national heritage sites in 1992. For about 250 years, Cuiabá stood quietly as a small city in the Centre-western region of Brazil. The scenario changed promptly in the 20th century, when the federal government implanted an expansion plan towards the interior of the country, which resulted
  13. CAMPO GRANDE The group of farmers from the state of Minas Gerais that founded a small village in the interior of the country in the late 19th century named it Campo Grande (Big Field), after the vast green area in which it was situated. Over the decades, that village has gone through dramatic changes and has become the imposing capital of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, with a population of 747,000 spread over its 8,096 square kilometers (3,125 sq mi). The Cidade Morena (Brown City), as it is nicknamed after the crimson-brown colour of the local soil, has developed into one of the most im
  14. BRASÍLIA The construction of this ultra-modern city, situated in the centre of Brazil, began in 1956. Since its official foundation on 21 April 1960, the city has served the purpose for which it was built: to replace Rio de Janeiro as the country's capital. As a result, the bulk of Brazil's federal administration and political power are centred here. The move to take the capital away from the coast gradually began gathering momentum after Brazil gained independence in 1822. The switch was intended to symbolise the country's change from a colonial state to an independent nation, and this in
  15. BELO HORIZONTE Since the 18th century, during the days of the Inconfidência Mineira - an independence conspiracy against the domination of the Portuguese crown - the state of Minas Gerais gambled with the idea of instating a new capital to replace Ouro Preto. Once Brazil declared its independence (1822) and became a republic in 1889, the stage was set for a new capital to be chosen. Among several contestants, the small avillage of Curral del-Rei achieved the right to host the Cidade de Minas, officially inaugurated in 1897 and whose name was eventually changed in 1906 to Belo Horizonte (Por
  16. Seventeen cities are competing to become Host Cities for the 20th edition of FIFA World Cup. The decision on the successful 12 will be made at the end of May. Here is the history of the Candidate Cities and their attractions: BELÉM The capital of the state of Pará, Belém is the main doorway to the eastern side of the Amazon rainforest. While its 1.4-million population is significant, the 'City of mango trees' also offers dazzling, authentic sights of Amazonian nature. Belém was first founded in 1616, right on the convergence of rivers Pará and Guamá. That was where the Forte do Presépio (
  17. OK Baron, i just want to inform gamesbids members about the preparations for 2014 world cup. I made this work to show in another forum. The pics aren't protected, so you can use anywere, but please keep the autor's name But remember that some cities wil not be selected as hosts and some projects can hae changes until next year! Now i will use this topic to bring news about the preparations of world cup in Brazil and try to respond members questions.
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