Find the value of sin 135° cosec 225° tan150° cot315°
Trigonometry is a discipline of mathematics that studies the relationships between the lengths of the sides and angles of a right-angled triangle. Trigonometric functions, also known as goniometric functions, angle functions, or circular functions, are functions that establish the relationship between an angle to the ratio of two of the sides of a right-angled triangle. The six main trigonometric functions are sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, or cosecant.
Angles defined by the ratios of trigonometric functions are known as trigonometry angles. Trigonometric angles represent trigonometric functions. The value of the angle can be anywhere between 0-360°.
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As given in the above figure in a right-angled triangle:
- Hypotenuse: The side opposite to the right angle is the hypotenuse, It is the longest side in a right-angled triangle and opposite to the 90° angle.
- Base: The side on which angle C lies is known as the base.
- Perpendicular: It is the side opposite to angle C in consideration.
Trigonometric Functions
Trigonometry has 6 basic trigonometric functions, they are sine, cosine, tangent, cosecant, secant, and cotangent. Now let’s look into the trigonometric functions. The six trigonometric functions are as follows,
- sine: It is defined as the ratio of perpendicular and hypotenuse and It is represented as sin θ
- cosine: It is defined as the ratio of base and hypotenuse and it is represented as cos θ
- tangent: It is defined as the ratio of sine and cosine of an angle. Thus the definition of tangent comes out to be the ratio of perpendicular and base and is represented as tan θ
- cosecant: It is the reciprocal of sin θ and is represented as cosec θ.
- secant: It is the reciprocal of cos θ and is represented as sec θ.
- cotangent: It is the reciprocal of tan θ and is represented as cot θ.
According to above given image, Trigonometric Ratios are
Sin θ = Perpendicular / Hypotenuse = AB/AC
Cosine θ = Base / Hypotenuse = BC / AC
Tangent θ = Perpendicular / Base = AB / BC
Cosecant θ = Hypotenuse / Perpendicular = AC/AB
Secant θ = Hypotenuse / Base = AC/BC
Cotangent θ = Base / Perpendicular = BC/AB
Reciprocal Identities
Sin θ = 1/ Cosec θ Or Cosec θ = 1/ Sin θ
Cos θ = 1/ Sec θ Or Sec θ = 1 / Cos θ
Cot θ = 1 / Tan θ Or Tan θ = 1 / Cot θ
Cot θ = Cos θ / Sin θ Or Tan θ = Sin θ / Cos θ
Tan θ.Cot θ = 1
Values of Trigonometric Ratios
0° | 30° | 45° | 60° | 90° | |
Sin θ | 0 | 1/2 | 1/√2 | √3/2 | 1 |
Cos θ | 1 | √3/2 | 1/√2 | 1/2 | 0 |
Tan θ | 0 | 1/√3 | 1 | √3 | — |
Cosec θ | — | 2 | √2 | 2/√3 | 1 |
Sec θ | 1 | 2/√3 | √2 | 2 | — |
Cot θ | — | √3 | 1 | 1/√3 | 0 |
Trigonometric Identities of Complementary and Supplementary Angles
- Complementary Angles: Pair of angles whose sum is equal to 90°
- Supplementary Angles: Pair of angles whose sum is equal to 180°
Identities of Complementary angles are
sin (90° – θ) = cos θ
cos (90° – θ) = sin θ
tan (90° – θ) = cot θ
cot (90° – θ) = tan θ
sec (90° – θ) = cosec θ
cosec (90° – θ) = sec θ
Identities of supplementary angles
sin (180° – θ) = sin θ
cos (180° – θ) = – cos θ
tan (180° – θ) = – tan θ
cot (180° – θ) = – cot θ
sec (180° – θ) = – sec θ
cosec (180° – θ) = – cosec θ
Quadrants of trigonometry
Find the value of sin 135° cosec 225° tan 150° cot 315°
Solution:
Here we have sin 135° cosec 225° tan150° cot315°
We can write as Sin (90+45) cosec (180+45) tan (90+60) cot (360 – 45) { as per the quadrants and trignometric values }
= Cos 45° Cosec 45° Cot 60° (-Cot 45°)
= 1/√2 × √2 × 1/√3 × -1
= – 1/√3
The value of sin 135 cosec 225 tan150 cot315 is – 1/√3
Similar Questions
Question 1: Find the value of Sin 60° Cos 30° + Cos 60° Sin 30°?
Solution:
Here we have Sin 60° Cos 30° + Cos 60° Sin 30°
So Sin 60° Cos 30° + Cos 60° Sin 30°
= √3/2 × √3/2 + 1/2 × 1/2
= 3/4 + 1/4
= 1
Question 2: Evaluate (Sin 30° – Sin 90° + 2 Cos 0°) / Tan 30° Tan 60°?
Solution:
Here we have (Sin 30° – Sin 90° + 2 Cos 0°) / Tan 30° Tan 60°
As per the trignometric values
(Sin 30° – Sin 90° +2 Cos 0°) / Tan 30° Tan 60°
= (1/2 – 1 + 2 × 1 ) / 1/√3 × √3
= (1/2 – 1 + 2 ) / 1
= 3/2