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gotosy

US and Russia to sign a new nuclear treaty

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Breakthrough Is Reported in U.S. Arms Pact With Russia

WASHINGTON — President Obama and his Russian counterpart, President Dmitri A. Medvedev, have broken through a logjam in their arms control negotiations and expect to sign a new treaty in Prague next month that would slash American and Russian nuclear arsenals, officials from both nations said Wednesday.

Mr. Obama and Mr. Medvedev still need to talk once more to finalize the agreement, but officials were optimistic that the deal was nearly done.

The two sides have discussed a signing ceremony in Prague in early April, marking the anniversary of the first meeting between the two presidents and of Mr. Obama’s speech outlining his vision for eventually eliminating nuclear weapons.

The new pact would replace the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty of 1991, which expired in December, and would require both sides to reduce their warheads and launchers by more than one-quarter. The agreement is the most significant accomplishment so far for Mr. Obama’s policy of trying to “reset” relations with Russia. It is intended to pave the way for another more far-reaching round of reductions later in his term.

Neither the White House nor the Kremlin would formally comment on Wednesday, but officials on both sides confirmed that an agreement was close to done. A Kremlin official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said there was basic agreement on the text of the pact, although not all the wording had been finalized. He confirmed that Prague would be the likely location of a signing ceremony, although that too needed to be finalized.

...

The treaty would require each side to reduce deployed strategic nuclear warheads to roughly 1,600, down from 2,200 now, officials have said. It would also oblige each side to reduce its arsenal of strategic bombers and land- and sea-based missiles to 800, half the old limit of 1,600.

Arms control advocates consider those reductions to be relatively modest. But Mr. Obama wanted to negotiate a relatively straightforward replacement for the Start treaty as a way to rebuild trust with Moscow, leading to more ambitious agreements down the road.

...

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/25/world/europe/25start.html

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So far, a good week for Obama (would have been better if it weren't for the Israeli build out in East Jerusalem). The Dow also hit a 17-month high this week.

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Obama limits US nuclear arms use

President Barack Obama's administration has unveiled a defence policy to significantly narrow the circumstances in which the US would use nuclear arms.

But its Nuclear Posture Review warned that countries breaking the rules would remain potential targets.

The US strategy document also raised concerns about a "lack of transparency" in China's nuclear programme.

The review comes two days before Mr Obama and his Russian counterpart sign a landmark nuclear arms reduction pact.

The deal, agreed last month, commits Russia and America to big cuts in nuclear warheads and is to replace the 1991 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (Start), which expired last December.

The document is carefully worded - it limits the use of nuclear weapons but carves out exceptions to use them against countries that break the rules - in other words countries like North Korea and Iran.

This new nuclear policy reflects a changing world - while nuclear weapons were useful to achieve a balance of power with countries like Russia or China, the modern threats require a more nimble defence strategy.

President Obama though is likely to be criticised by both sides- the left will say he should impose a blanket ban on the use of American nuclear warheads.

The right will say he's undermining the credibility of America's nuclear deterrent by limiting the circumstances in which it can be used.

The far-reaching Nuclear Posture Review, published on Tuesday, outlines plans for "achieving substantial further nuclear force reductions" beyond the new treaty.

Every president since 1991 conducts such a review - the last one took place in 2001 at the start of George W Bush's administration.

But Mr Obama set high expectations when he declared in Prague last year America's commitment to seek a world without nuclear weapons.

For the first time, the US is ruling out a nuclear response to attacks on America involving biological, chemical or conventional weapons.

But this comes with a big caveat: countries will only be spared a US nuclear response if they comply with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty - this does not include Iran and North Korea.

"[Tehran and Pyongyang's] continued defiance of international norms and agreements will lead only to their further isolation and increasing international pressure," the document notes

Read More: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8604217.stm

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U.S. and Russia Sign Nuclear Arms Pact

PRAGUE — With flourish and fanfare, President Obama and President Dmitri A. Medvedev of Russia signed a nuclear arms control treaty on Thursday and opened what they hoped would be a new era in the tumultuous relationship between two former cold war adversaries.

Meeting here in the heart of a once-divided Europe, the two leaders put aside the acrimony that has characterized Russian-American ties in recent years as they agreed to bring down their arsenals and restore an inspection regime that expired in December. Along the way, they sidestepped unresolved disputes over missile defense and other issues.

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/09/world/europe/09prexy.html

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<_< Hey it's better than nothing...

A meeting of all countries (62) that have some form of Nuclear involvement, (wherever it's Weapons, Electric Power Stations/Ships, Mining Important Raw Materials like Uranium) and the nation that discovered it - New Zealand (playing hippocrate/anti-advocate) will happen shortly. Nations will discuss what to do with this abused and wasted technology.

Already it has been struck with controversy, even before it has begun...Israel will not attend as a clause in the meeting will ask ALL nations with Weapons to front. Israel has always 'denied' it's arsenal believed to number @150 warheads but has alway's insisted if it 'had' them, would use them for defence purposes only.

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