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wills

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  1. I have an excellent feeling about this.
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altitude_sickness Altitude sickness From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Altitude sickness Classification and external resources ICD-10 T70.2 ICD-9 E902.0 DiseasesDB 8375 29615 eMedicine med/3225 MeSH D000532 Search Wiktionary Look up altitude sickness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), altitude illness, hypobaropathy, or soroche, is a pathological effect of high altitude on humans (and animals), caused by acute exposure to low partial pressure of oxygen at high altitude. It commonly occurs above 2,400 metres (approximately 8,000 feet).[1][2] Acute mountain sickness can progress to high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or high altitude cerebral edema (HACE).[1][3] The causes of altitude sickness are not fully understood.[1][4] The percentage of oxygen in air remains essentially constant with altitude at 21% up until 70,000 feet (21,330 m), but the air pressure (and therefore the number of oxygen molecules) drops as altitude increases — consequently, the available amount of oxygen to sustain mental and physical alertness decreases above 10,000 feet (3,050 m).[5][6] Altitude sickness usually does not affect persons traveling in aircraft because the cabin altitude in modern passenger aircraft is kept to 8,000 feet (2,440 m) or lower. A superficially related condition is chronic mountain sickness, also known as Monge's disease, occurring only after prolonged exposure to high altitude.[7] An unrelated condition, often confused with altitude sickness, is dehydration, due to the higher rate of water vapor lost from the lungs at higher altitudes. Signs and symptoms This sign near the peak of Mount Evans (elev. 14264 ft or 4,350 meters) in Colorado, USA, warns of altitude sickness symptoms. Headaches are a primary symptom used to diagnose altitude sickness, although a headache is also a symptom of dehydration. A headache occurring at an altitude above 2,400 meters (8000 feet = 76 kPa), combined with any one or more of the following symptoms, can indicate altitude sickness: * Lack of appetite, nausea, or vomiting * Fatigue or weakness * Dizziness or light-headedness * Insomnia * Pins and needles * Shortness of breath upon exertion * Persistent rapid pulse * Drowsiness * General malaise * Peripheral edema (swelling of hands, feet, and face). Symptoms that may indicate life-threatening altitude sickness include: * pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs): o persistent dry cough o fever o shortness of breath even when resting * cerebral edema (swelling of the brain): o headache that does not respond to analgesics o unsteady gait o increased vomiting o gradual loss of consciousness. Bogoda is above 2,400 M is which is the level of altitude sickness. No city is Pan Am Games history has been hosted 2,400 or more.
  3. The mayor of Bogoda said that the Bogoda altitude of 2,640 M above sea level is a major disadvantage for them.
  4. The major problem with Bogoda bid is the city is located 2,640 m above sea level. This puts a lot of stress on athletes and can cause them a lot of health problems.
  5. The Toronto 2015 is is hoping for a Rio 2016 bid win, because both Columbia adn Lima are in South America.
  6. Aug 28, 2009 13:33 ET Minister Flaherty and Minister Lunn Confirm Use of Accreditation Card for Pan American Games for Toronto 2015 Bid http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/Ci...da-1037118.html OTTAWA, ONTARIO--(Marketwire - Aug. 28, 2009) - The Honourable Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance, and the Honourable Gary Lunn, Minister of State (Sport), on behalf of the Honourable Jason Kenney, Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism, are pleased to announce that the Government of Canada is committed to granting all Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) nations (admissible athletes, coaches and officials) access to Canada during their visit to Toronto in 2015 by way of their PASO identity cards. "Our government's commitment to Toronto's bid remains strong and we're thrilled to assist in making the athlete experience as seamless as possible," said Minister Flaherty. "Having the PASO identity cards function as travel visas facilitates access to Canada and promotes a great Games experience for all Pan Am participants." "Our Government looks forward to welcoming the finest athletes in the Americas to Toronto and the Greater Golden Horseshoe in 2015, and we are working with all of our partners to ensure that these will be the greatest Pan American and Parapan American Games ever," said Minister of State Lunn. "This decision reinforces our commitment to assist in making this bid a complete success, and I am eager to do my part to help bring these Games back to Canada." The Toronto 2015 Pan/Parapan American Games bid has a federal government guarantee that, once issued, the Pan American identity card will have the same force as a visa when accompanied by a valid passport. This guarantee includes the exemption of associated visa fees for all Pan Am Games participants. Games participants must apply for the card and applicants must meet Canada's normal immigration requirements, including security screening. A portion of the federal government's commitment of $500 million toward the Pan/Parapan American Games will cover the cost of the accreditation process. The government's accreditation process is consistent with the commitment made to the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games. The Pan Am Games are a major international multisport event held every four years for athletes of the 42 PASO member nations. The Games consist of all summer Olympic sports plus other events selected by the Pan American Sports Organization, and a number of the participating sports qualify for the Olympics. The last edition of the Games was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in July 2007, and the next will take place in Guadalajara, Mexico, in October 2011 Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid is the only bid to grant all Pan Am Games Nations access cards to Canada. This strengthens the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid and gives Toronto an advantage over its competitors
  7. The Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games Athletes Village will be turned into low income housing when the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games is finished should Toronto win.
  8. Toronto 2015 has a very strong bid that is supported of the three levels of government. Everyone is on board for the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games. Support among Southern Ontario residents is 80 percent, these group of individuals do not reflect the majority of people who support this bid. It is amazing to see all three levels of government federal, provincial, municipal, and community leaders working together to bring in 2015 Pan Am Games to Southern Ontario. Everything in the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid is fully financed and the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games Athletes Village is publicly financed and under construction. This is truly amazing because when you look at athletes villages in the past whether it is for the Olympics, Commonwealth games, and the Pan Am Games, cities have trouble funding the athletes village. In Toronto is 2015 Pan Am Games athletes village is fully financed and already under construction, the 2015 Pan Am Games site inspectors are going to very impressed to see that the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games village is under construction and fully financed. This is one of many advantages the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid has over its competitors. The 2015 Pan Am Games inspectors are going to come always very impressed and excited about Toronto's hosting the 2015 Pan Am Games.
  9. I looked over both Toronto and Peru venue plans and the distance between the events are the same. Peru's venue plan is actually more spread out then Toronto. If it is a problem for Toronto then it is also a problem for Peru. Comparing the three bids Toronto by far is the best bid and strongest bid for a number and reasons. The Athletes Village in Toronto has early construction work going on. Also the Canadian Banking system was rated as the strongest in the World.
  10. I can see Chile supporting Columbia If that is the case.
  11. Chile and Peru do not have good relations, and Peru and Boliva do not have good relations. Columbia does not have good relations with either Ecuador and Venezuela. The relationship between Canada and Chile is one of the best in all of the Americas. Canada also has very good relations with Argentina and Brazil. Support from Guyana, Suriname, is very important for the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid. Toronto 2015 is lobbying very hard to get these Countries votes. David Peterson traveled to Guyana to met with the President of Guyana to talk about the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid. He pointed out the strong ties that Guyana shares to Canada and the great relationship that they have. The President of Guyana was also in Toronto for the annual Guyana Day celebrations in Scarborough. Building on the strong ties between Guyana and Canada, Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games is looking for support from Guyana. http://www.sharenews.com/local-news/2009/0...E2%80%93-jagdeo Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid are lobbying in Suriname. Jimjones both Lima and Bogoda did not show up for the CANOC meetings and Toronto was the only one to present. How does both Lima and Bogoda not showing up effect the CANOC members in South America. I know Lima and Bogoda not showing up was not received well by the CANOC community. Regardless Toronto 2015 is lobbying strong in both Guyana and Suriname.
  12. In North America Canada has for the most part strong relations with their allies and neighbours Mexico and the US. Canada has very strong relations with Countries in the Americas. The Caribbean and Canada relationship is very strong with Canada providing funding for various programs throughout the Caribbean. Many Canadian Banks and Businesses are located in the Carribean, and the Carribean is a major vocation location for Canadians. Cuba and Canada also have a strong relationships and the Dominican Republic also are strong ties to Canada. In Central America each nations has strong relationship with Canada. Canada has trade agreements with various nations in Central America and recently signed an agreement with Panama. Panama is one of the fastest growing economies in Central America. In South America every nations has a strong relationship with Canada. Venezuela and Canada have good relations. One thing you will find in that every nation in the Americas has good relations with Canada.
  13. Canada has strong relations with every Nation in the Amercias. Canada recently signed a free trade agreement is Panama. Canada many many trade agreements in the Americas.
  14. PAN AM GAMES EVALUATION TEAM IN TORONTO AUGUST 30, 31 Visit will build decision-makers’ confidence TORONTO, ON, July 31, 2009 – The Pan American Sports Organization’s (PASO) five-member Evaluation Commission will be in Toronto August 30 and 31 to meet with the Toronto 2015 Bid team and visit proposed Games venues and facilities. “The visit is an ideal opportunity to showcase the many qualities of our Bid and to show PASO that Toronto is the ideal city to host the 2015 Pan / Parapan American Games,” said Jagoda Pike, President and COO, Toronto 2015 Bid Committee. “We will ensure that PASO members leave knowing that we can stage an exceptional Games.” The Evaluation Commission will assess key elements of the bid and report back to PASO, which manages the Games and whose member nations vote to award hosting rights. The vote is expected in early November. The Evaluation Commission is visiting 2015 bid competitors Lima, Peru and Bogota, Colombia immediately before the Toronto visit. Toronto 2015 is finalizing the two-day itinerary to meet PASO requirements, introduce the evaluators to people and organizations critical to the Games, and to highlight important elements related to Games operations. The Pan Am Games is a major international multi-sport event, held every four years for athletes of the 42 PASO member nations. The Pan American Games consists of all Summer Olympic sports, plus other events selected by the Pan American Sports Organization, and serve as an Olympic-qualifier for a number of the participating sports. The last edition of the Games was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in July 2007 and the next will take place in Guadalajara, Mexico in October 2011. The Toronto bid committee is gearing up for this visit. This will show that Toronto is the ideal city to host the 2015 Pan Am Games.
  15. Toronto FC Supports Toronto’s Bid for the 2015 Pan Am Games TORONTO, ONTARIO, July 3, 2009 – Toronto’s major league soccer team, Toronto FC, showed its support for the city’s 2015 Pan Am Games bid at its June 24th match against the New York Red Bulls. In an announcement prior to the game, a Toronto FC spokesperson announced the team’s support of Toronto’s bid to bring the 2015 Pan Am Games to the city, including soccer matches that would be held at Toronto FC’s stadium, BMO Field. In addition, the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games Bid collected hundreds signatures of support from Toronto FC fans. This will Strengthen Toronto's bid,
  16. Toronto's new 2015 Pan Am Games website is up. It is such an amazing website. Everything is accessible.
  17. More Articles All welcome on this field of dreams RENE JOHNSTON/TORONTO STAR Diane Roy powers her way to victory in the 400-metre wheelchair event at the Canadian Track and Field Championships in Toronto (June 25, 2009). http://www.thestar.com/sports/olympics/article/656947 Para-athletes compete for track and field titles alongside able-bodied in integrated event Jun 26, 2009 04:30 AM Be the first to comment on this article... Daniel Girard Sports Reporter From her muscular shoulders to her sweat-drenched singlet, Diane Roy's athleticism is there for all to see. But for the veteran racer, it's long been the wheelchair others have focused on. This weekend, however, for the third consecutive year, Roy, a 38-year-old from Hatley, Que., is participating in the Canadian track and field championships, an integrated event in which para-athletes and the able-bodied compete in events alongside each other. "We've always known we're doing a real sport," said Roy, who lost the use of her legs as a teenager following an all-terrain vehicle accident and began wheelchair racing in 1992. "But in terms of visibility, for the people watching, this makes us real athletes." Canada, along with Australia and Great Britain, are "ahead of the curve" globally in integrating their national track and field championships, said David Greig of Athletics Canada. This weekend, about 85 para-athletes – in wheelchairs, using prosthetics, visually impaired or with cerebral palsy – are competing at the Varsity Centre at the University of Toronto, and they represent about 10 per cent of the competitors in the championships. "They're showing people this is legitimate sport, it's not just a feel-good thing," said Greig. "It strips this down to track and field, and ultimately that's what this is all about." For Roy, who won a silver medal and two bronze at the Paralympics in Beijing in 2008, the event underscores that everyone's focus is on ability, not disability. "It's athletics," said Roy, who originally won the 5,000-metre race in Beijing only to have the result overturned after a chaotic crash. She was second in the subsequent re-race. Roy, who won the 400-metre race in 1:01.26 yesterday, also is competing in the 800 and 1,500 at the four-day event, the first national championships in Toronto in 40 years. Colin Mathieson of Winnipeg, who took the men's 100-metre T54 wheelchair event, said as a member of an able-bodied track club, Sherbrooke (Que.) Athletics, he regularly trains alongside his able-bodied counterparts, so "it's fantastic to be able to race in the same venue and cheer each other on." But it also sends a message to the Canadian community, he said. "You can post a billboard and you can write it in legislation, but it's not until something like this that people accept and see that we're exactly the same in our training and commitment," said the 30-year-old Mathieson, a national team member since 1995 who participated in the Paralympic Games in Atlanta, Sydney and Beijing. "It's equality based on merit." As he spoke, able-bodied athletes warmed up in the infield and competed in events in the heptathlon and decathlon while others on prosthetic limbs warmed up in the long jump. "We're making progress," said Jason Dunkerley of Ottawa, a visually impaired runner who competes with the assistance of a guide and won the 800 metres in two minutes 4.07 seconds. But Dunkerley, a bronze medallist in the 1,500 metres in Beijing, said, "We still have a long way to go," including getting more competitors in each category of para-athletics and helping the general public understand what's a good performance in an event. "We're getting there, step by step," said Dunkerley, whose younger brother, Jon, 29, is a fellow Paralympian who competes in the same class in the 100, 200 and 400. "But the fact they have integrated the nationals – sharing the meet and the track and the weekend – sends a message well beyond the stadium."
  18. The 2009 Canadian Track of Field Championships is taking place in Toronto. It marks the first in many years this event has taken place in Toronto. This event comes after the successful Festival of Excellence event in Toronto. This event will be broadcast across Canada and will boast Toronto's chances of hosting the 2015 Pan Am Games.Entries set for the 2009 Canadian Track and Field Championships & World’s Trials Friday, June 19, 2009 OTTAWA - With the Canadian Track and Field Championships less than a week away entries have now closed revealing a deep field for the four-day event beginning June 25 at Varsity Centre in Toronto. Exciting championship finals fill the competition schedule; highlights below with key potential finalists. Decathlon Thursday & Friday beginning at 1:45pm Windsor Native Jamie Adjetey-Nelson and Toronto’s Massimo Bertocchi went head to head in the Decathlon Championships last year and are expected to do the same this year. There are 10 events divided up between two days starting with the 100m, Long Jump, Shot Put, High Jump and 400m Thursday and the 110m hurdles, Discus, Pole Vault, Javelin and 1500m Friday. Men Shot Put Saturday at 2:00pm 2008 fourth place finisher Dylan Armstrong of Kamloops, BC will look to better his Canadian record set last season in Beijing. Women 400m Wheelchair Thursday at 2:20pm Jessica Matassa of Windsor, ON and Diane Roy of Hatley, QC were both finalists in this event at the 2008 Paralympic Games with Diane coming away with the bronze. Women Ambulatory Long Jump Thursday at 4:00pm Stefanie Reid of Thornhill, ON has already improved her Canadian mark on two occasions this year. Women 100m Wheelchair Thursday at 6:05pm Michelle Stilwell of Nanoose Bay, BC is entered in the 100m and 200m T52 events; Stilwell is the World record holder in both. Men 1500m Wheelchair Friday at 7:00pm Paralympian Josh Cassidy will race in front of a hometown crowd looking for a Canadian title. Women Long Jump Saturday at 4:30pm Two Olympians; Ruky Abdulai of Coquitlam, BC and Tabia Charles of Pickering, ON will vie for the top of the podium. Both athletes had their turn improving the Canadian record last season. 100m Hurdles Saturday at 4:50pm Arguably the highlight of the championships after going head to head in two major races already this year, Olympic bronze medalist Priscilla Lopes-Schliep of Whitby, ON and World Championships gold and silver medalist Perdita Felicien of Pickering, ON will take centre stage together once again with a Canadian title on the line. Men 400m Saturday at 5:20pm 2008 World Indoor Champion Tyler Christopher of Edmonton, AB will defend his 400m title held since 2006. Men 100m Saturday at 5:40pm All four legs of the 4x100m Olympic team that placed 6th in Beijing will battle it out for the title of Canada’s fastest man. Pierre Browne of North York, ON, Jared Connaughton of New Haven, PEI, Anson Henry of Pickering, ON and Hank Palmer of Lasalle, QC. Men 800m Saturday at 5:50pm Two-time Olympian and World Championships Silver Medalist Gary Reed will light up the track as he races towards his sixth national title. Men 1500m Saturday at 6:45pm Nathan Brannen of Cambridge, ON and Taylor Milne of Guelph, ON finished one-two last week at the Festival of Excellence with just two-tenths of a second between them. Women High Jump Sunday at 11:30am Nicole Forrester of New Market, ON will defend her National title and look to earn a spot on the 2009 World Championships team. Men Hammer Throw Sunday at 3:00pm Lethbridge Alberta’s Jim Steacy is on the prowl to improve his Canadian mark while holding his long standing string of Canadian titles since 2004.
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