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  1. I have an excellent feeling about this.
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altitude_sickness Altitude sickness From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Altitude sickness Classification and external resources ICD-10 T70.2 ICD-9 E902.0 DiseasesDB 8375 29615 eMedicine med/3225 MeSH D000532 Search Wiktionary Look up altitude sickness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), altitude illness, hypobaropathy, or soroche, is a pathological effect of high altitude on humans (and animals), caused by acute exposure to low partial pressure of oxygen at high altitude. It commonly occurs above 2,400 metres (approximately 8,000 feet).[1][2] Acute mountain sickness can progress to high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or high altitude cerebral edema (HACE).[1][3] The causes of altitude sickness are not fully understood.[1][4] The percentage of oxygen in air remains essentially constant with altitude at 21% up until 70,000 feet (21,330 m), but the air pressure (and therefore the number of oxygen molecules) drops as altitude increases — consequently, the available amount of oxygen to sustain mental and physical alertness decreases above 10,000 feet (3,050 m).[5][6] Altitude sickness usually does not affect persons traveling in aircraft because the cabin altitude in modern passenger aircraft is kept to 8,000 feet (2,440 m) or lower. A superficially related condition is chronic mountain sickness, also known as Monge's disease, occurring only after prolonged exposure to high altitude.[7] An unrelated condition, often confused with altitude sickness, is dehydration, due to the higher rate of water vapor lost from the lungs at higher altitudes. Signs and symptoms This sign near the peak of Mount Evans (elev. 14264 ft or 4,350 meters) in Colorado, USA, warns of altitude sickness symptoms. Headaches are a primary symptom used to diagnose altitude sickness, although a headache is also a symptom of dehydration. A headache occurring at an altitude above 2,400 meters (8000 feet = 76 kPa), combined with any one or more of the following symptoms, can indicate altitude sickness: * Lack of appetite, nausea, or vomiting * Fatigue or weakness * Dizziness or light-headedness * Insomnia * Pins and needles * Shortness of breath upon exertion * Persistent rapid pulse * Drowsiness * General malaise * Peripheral edema (swelling of hands, feet, and face). Symptoms that may indicate life-threatening altitude sickness include: * pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs): o persistent dry cough o fever o shortness of breath even when resting * cerebral edema (swelling of the brain): o headache that does not respond to analgesics o unsteady gait o increased vomiting o gradual loss of consciousness. Bogoda is above 2,400 M is which is the level of altitude sickness. No city is Pan Am Games history has been hosted 2,400 or more.
  3. The mayor of Bogoda said that the Bogoda altitude of 2,640 M above sea level is a major disadvantage for them.
  4. The major problem with Bogoda bid is the city is located 2,640 m above sea level. This puts a lot of stress on athletes and can cause them a lot of health problems.
  5. The Toronto 2015 is is hoping for a Rio 2016 bid win, because both Columbia adn Lima are in South America.
  6. Aug 28, 2009 13:33 ET Minister Flaherty and Minister Lunn Confirm Use of Accreditation Card for Pan American Games for Toronto 2015 Bid http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/Ci...da-1037118.html OTTAWA, ONTARIO--(Marketwire - Aug. 28, 2009) - The Honourable Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance, and the Honourable Gary Lunn, Minister of State (Sport), on behalf of the Honourable Jason Kenney, Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism, are pleased to announce that the Government of Canada is committed to granting all Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) nations (admissible athletes, coaches and officials) access to Canada during their visit to Toronto in 2015 by way of their PASO identity cards. "Our government's commitment to Toronto's bid remains strong and we're thrilled to assist in making the athlete experience as seamless as possible," said Minister Flaherty. "Having the PASO identity cards function as travel visas facilitates access to Canada and promotes a great Games experience for all Pan Am participants." "Our Government looks forward to welcoming the finest athletes in the Americas to Toronto and the Greater Golden Horseshoe in 2015, and we are working with all of our partners to ensure that these will be the greatest Pan American and Parapan American Games ever," said Minister of State Lunn. "This decision reinforces our commitment to assist in making this bid a complete success, and I am eager to do my part to help bring these Games back to Canada." The Toronto 2015 Pan/Parapan American Games bid has a federal government guarantee that, once issued, the Pan American identity card will have the same force as a visa when accompanied by a valid passport. This guarantee includes the exemption of associated visa fees for all Pan Am Games participants. Games participants must apply for the card and applicants must meet Canada's normal immigration requirements, including security screening. A portion of the federal government's commitment of $500 million toward the Pan/Parapan American Games will cover the cost of the accreditation process. The government's accreditation process is consistent with the commitment made to the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games. The Pan Am Games are a major international multisport event held every four years for athletes of the 42 PASO member nations. The Games consist of all summer Olympic sports plus other events selected by the Pan American Sports Organization, and a number of the participating sports qualify for the Olympics. The last edition of the Games was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in July 2007, and the next will take place in Guadalajara, Mexico, in October 2011 Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid is the only bid to grant all Pan Am Games Nations access cards to Canada. This strengthens the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid and gives Toronto an advantage over its competitors
  7. The Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games Athletes Village will be turned into low income housing when the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games is finished should Toronto win.
  8. Toronto 2015 has a very strong bid that is supported of the three levels of government. Everyone is on board for the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games. Support among Southern Ontario residents is 80 percent, these group of individuals do not reflect the majority of people who support this bid. It is amazing to see all three levels of government federal, provincial, municipal, and community leaders working together to bring in 2015 Pan Am Games to Southern Ontario. Everything in the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid is fully financed and the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games Athletes Village is publicly financed and under construction. This is truly amazing because when you look at athletes villages in the past whether it is for the Olympics, Commonwealth games, and the Pan Am Games, cities have trouble funding the athletes village. In Toronto is 2015 Pan Am Games athletes village is fully financed and already under construction, the 2015 Pan Am Games site inspectors are going to very impressed to see that the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games village is under construction and fully financed. This is one of many advantages the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid has over its competitors. The 2015 Pan Am Games inspectors are going to come always very impressed and excited about Toronto's hosting the 2015 Pan Am Games.
  9. I looked over both Toronto and Peru venue plans and the distance between the events are the same. Peru's venue plan is actually more spread out then Toronto. If it is a problem for Toronto then it is also a problem for Peru. Comparing the three bids Toronto by far is the best bid and strongest bid for a number and reasons. The Athletes Village in Toronto has early construction work going on. Also the Canadian Banking system was rated as the strongest in the World.
  10. I can see Chile supporting Columbia If that is the case.
  11. Chile and Peru do not have good relations, and Peru and Boliva do not have good relations. Columbia does not have good relations with either Ecuador and Venezuela. The relationship between Canada and Chile is one of the best in all of the Americas. Canada also has very good relations with Argentina and Brazil. Support from Guyana, Suriname, is very important for the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid. Toronto 2015 is lobbying very hard to get these Countries votes. David Peterson traveled to Guyana to met with the President of Guyana to talk about the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid. He pointed out the strong ties that Guyana shares to Canada and the great relationship that they have. The President of Guyana was also in Toronto for the annual Guyana Day celebrations in Scarborough. Building on the strong ties between Guyana and Canada, Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games is looking for support from Guyana. http://www.sharenews.com/local-news/2009/0...E2%80%93-jagdeo Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games bid are lobbying in Suriname. Jimjones both Lima and Bogoda did not show up for the CANOC meetings and Toronto was the only one to present. How does both Lima and Bogoda not showing up effect the CANOC members in South America. I know Lima and Bogoda not showing up was not received well by the CANOC community. Regardless Toronto 2015 is lobbying strong in both Guyana and Suriname.
  12. In North America Canada has for the most part strong relations with their allies and neighbours Mexico and the US. Canada has very strong relations with Countries in the Americas. The Caribbean and Canada relationship is very strong with Canada providing funding for various programs throughout the Caribbean. Many Canadian Banks and Businesses are located in the Carribean, and the Carribean is a major vocation location for Canadians. Cuba and Canada also have a strong relationships and the Dominican Republic also are strong ties to Canada. In Central America each nations has strong relationship with Canada. Canada has trade agreements with various nations in Central America and recently signed an agreement with Panama. Panama is one of the fastest growing economies in Central America. In South America every nations has a strong relationship with Canada. Venezuela and Canada have good relations. One thing you will find in that every nation in the Americas has good relations with Canada.
  13. Canada has strong relations with every Nation in the Amercias. Canada recently signed a free trade agreement is Panama. Canada many many trade agreements in the Americas.
  14. PAN AM GAMES EVALUATION TEAM IN TORONTO AUGUST 30, 31 Visit will build decision-makers’ confidence TORONTO, ON, July 31, 2009 – The Pan American Sports Organization’s (PASO) five-member Evaluation Commission will be in Toronto August 30 and 31 to meet with the Toronto 2015 Bid team and visit proposed Games venues and facilities. “The visit is an ideal opportunity to showcase the many qualities of our Bid and to show PASO that Toronto is the ideal city to host the 2015 Pan / Parapan American Games,” said Jagoda Pike, President and COO, Toronto 2015 Bid Committee. “We will ensure that PASO members leave knowing that we can stage an exceptional Games.” The Evaluation Commission will assess key elements of the bid and report back to PASO, which manages the Games and whose member nations vote to award hosting rights. The vote is expected in early November. The Evaluation Commission is visiting 2015 bid competitors Lima, Peru and Bogota, Colombia immediately before the Toronto visit. Toronto 2015 is finalizing the two-day itinerary to meet PASO requirements, introduce the evaluators to people and organizations critical to the Games, and to highlight important elements related to Games operations. The Pan Am Games is a major international multi-sport event, held every four years for athletes of the 42 PASO member nations. The Pan American Games consists of all Summer Olympic sports, plus other events selected by the Pan American Sports Organization, and serve as an Olympic-qualifier for a number of the participating sports. The last edition of the Games was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in July 2007 and the next will take place in Guadalajara, Mexico in October 2011. The Toronto bid committee is gearing up for this visit. This will show that Toronto is the ideal city to host the 2015 Pan Am Games.
  15. Toronto FC Supports Toronto’s Bid for the 2015 Pan Am Games TORONTO, ONTARIO, July 3, 2009 – Toronto’s major league soccer team, Toronto FC, showed its support for the city’s 2015 Pan Am Games bid at its June 24th match against the New York Red Bulls. In an announcement prior to the game, a Toronto FC spokesperson announced the team’s support of Toronto’s bid to bring the 2015 Pan Am Games to the city, including soccer matches that would be held at Toronto FC’s stadium, BMO Field. In addition, the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games Bid collected hundreds signatures of support from Toronto FC fans. This will Strengthen Toronto's bid,
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