A bid book is prepared by a candidate city for presentation to the IOC and its members. It is a collection of candidature files that outlines how the City plans to stage the Games, including venues, budgets, marketing, public support, environmental issues and more broken down into 18 themes. The bid book can be several hundred pages in length and forms the basis the bid city's proposal, and the most important tool the voting members have to make their decision.
A bid city is any city that has announced their intention to bid to host an Olympic Games.
NOC, National Olympic Committee
A National Olympic Committee is an organization authorized by the IOC to oversee Olympic activities within a particular country such as organizing national teams, hosting Games, marketing and sponsorships, etc. The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is the NOC for the United States.