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ARCHIVE - 2014 Olympic Winter Bid - Sochi

The 2014 Olympic Winter Games bid election was held July 4, 2007 at the 119th IOC session in Guatemala City, Guatemala and was won by Sochi, Russia after defeating PyeongChang, South Korea on the second ballot and Salzburg Austria on the first. It was possibly the tightest Olympic bid election in history - and on the heels of an over-exuberant 2012 election where the bids took notes - the cities pulled out every stop and campaigned with high-profile dignitaries and lavish presentations. It was the first election where the national leaders for each bid presented.

Other applicants that didn't make the short list were Almaty Kazakhstan, Borjomi Georgia, Jaca Spain and Sofia Bulgaria. Almaty narrowly missed the cut after straddling the benchmark they need to pass to automatically qulaify. The IOC executive committee voted to exclude the bid from the list of finalists.

The campaigning was fierce and millions of dollars were spent. Salzburg was considered and early leader in the race but faced many obstacles including questionable leadership, an Austrian athletes doping scandal, the IOC questionning bid fundamentals such as accomodations and most damaging - a low show of public support in an official IOC poll. By the time the election came, Salzburg was considered an outsider.

PyeongChang remained a strong contender throughout the race by leveraging the goodwill gained by favorable results in the 2010 bid election narrowly lost to Vancouver, and by fulfilling many of the promises made during that same campaign in order to gain the trust of IOC members. A spectacular venue concept that was already under construction was the marquee element of the bid.

But while Salburg and PyeongChang were developing their second consecutive bid, relative newcomer Sochi was mounting its first campaign and pulled out every stop by proposing a spectacular venue concept in a sub tropical Black Sea setting. The only problem - it was only a plan, very little of it actually existed. Sochi bidders tackled this hurdle by putting together one of the most aggressive internation public relations campaigns ever seen for an Olympic bid. Using some of the same PR teams that won the 2012 Games for London - the bid did some serious marketing. They recruited prominent Olympic athletes who spread their message during events internationally, and in Guatemala at the final vote - they transported a full-size skating rink in the world's largest airplane - to put on a skating show.

Salzburg officials balked at the over-spending and extravagance and instead stuck to the fundamentals. They portrayed a modern but traditional Games concept but it seemed the IOC members didn't buy it, instead getting swept-up in the PR blitzes of the other two bids.

Just like in the 2010 bid, PyeongChang won the first ballot but could hold on and was narrowly defeated by Sochi in the second ballot by only 4 votes.

2014 Bid City Profiles and Documents Select city for information, official Web sites, bid books, forums and more...

PyeongChang, South Korea
Salzburg, Austria
Sochi, Russia

Election Day Details/Schedule
Election Day - What To Watch

IOC Final Evaluation Report
Candidature Procedure
Candidature Acceptance Procedure
Candidature Acceptance Report
Candidature Acceptance Conclusion

2014 Bid Logos
Pyeongchang 2014Salzburg 2014Sochi 2014
Missed Short List
Almaty 2014Borjomi 2014Jaca 2014Sofia 2014

Voting Results

Sochi 34 51
PyeongChang 36 47
Salzburg 25

2014 Bid Timeline Dates set by bid committees and IOC
April 17, 2004 Bulgaria NOC nominates Sofia for 2014 bid.
Dec. 30, 2004 South Korea NOC nominates PyeongChang over Muju for 2014 bid.
Jan. 24, 2005 Austria NOC nominates Salzburg over Innsbruck for 2014 bid.
May, 2005 IOC sends invitation to bid for 2014 Games to NOC's and makes Candidature Acceptance Procedure and Questionnaire available.
June 22, 2005 Georgia Olympic Committee announces bid for 2014 Games.
July 14, 2005 Russian Olympic Committee announces Sochi's bid for 2014 Games.
July 20, 2005 Spanish Olympic Committee announces Jaca's bid for 2014 Games.
July 21, 2004 Kazakhstan Olympic Committee announces bid for 2014 bid from Almaty.
July 28, 2005 Deadline for NOC's to nominate and submit application for bid cities.
August 16, 2005 Deadline for bids to submit signed Candidature Acceptance Procedure and application fee (USD$150,000).
Sept., 2005 IOC seminar for applicant cities.
Feb. 1, 2006 Deadline for applicants to submit questionnaires.
June 22, 2006 IOC selects PyeongChang, Salzburg and Sochi to short list of 2014 candidates.
June 23, 2006 Candidature Procedures and Bid Book questionnaire to be distributed to short listed candidates.
July 10, 2006 Signed Candidature Procedures and candidate fees due to IOC.
January 10, 2007 Candidature File (bid books) due to IOC.
February 14-17, 2007 IOC evaluation visit to PyeongChang.
February 20-23, 2007 IOC evaluation visit to Sochi.
March 14-17, 2007 IOC evaluation site visit to Salzburg.
One month prior to election IOC releases evaluation report.
July 4, 2007 Election of 2014 host city in Guatemala City. Sochi wins.

2014 IOC Evalution Commission Set By IOC on Spetember 4, 2006

Mr Chiharu IGAYA
Chairman, IOC Vice-President
Mr Gilbert FELLI
IOC Olympic Games Executive Director
IOC Member
H.R.H. The Prince of Orange
IOC Member
Mr Walther TRÖGER (Resigned - conflict of interest)
IOC Member
Ms Rebecca SCOTT
IOC Member, Athlete Representative
Mr Dwight BELL
NOC Representative
IF Representative
IPC Representative
Mr Luciano BARRA (Resigned)
Former OCOG Representative
Former OCOG Representative
Mr Oskar FISCHER (Resigned - conflict of interest)
International Ski Federation
Mr Jose Luis MARCÓ
Legal Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Prof. Philippe BOVY
Transport Aspects
Ms Jacqueline BARRETT
IOC Head of Bid City Relations
Mrs Sophie SKEELS
IOC Bid City Relations
Miss Helen STEWART
IOC Bid City Relations

2014 Applicants Missing Short List Cut By IOC on June 22, 2006

Almaty, Kazakhstan
Borjomi, Georgia
Jaca, Spain
Sofia, Bulgaria

2014 Withdrawn Bids Had been in planning stages

Andorra la Vella, Andorra - (Was under review, missed 2010 short-list)
Grenoble, France - (Mayor Declared February 26, 2002)
Harbin, China - (Announced plans to re-bid on November 1, 2002 - after 2010 elimination)
Innsbruck, Austria - Lost national nomination to Salzburg January 23, 2005
Munich, Germany - (Reported Feb. 18, 2005)
Östersund and Ĺre, Sweden - Withdrawn after government funding failed
Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina - (Media reports, it would be 30th anniversay of 1984 Games in Sarajevo)
Tromsoe, Norway - (According to January 18, 2005 report.)
Turkey - (Announced by Tourism Minister July 14, 2005)
Zurich, Switzerland - (Zurich withdrew bid Sept. 14 2004 after Swiss NOC nominated Zurich over Davos March 29, 2004)

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